Your LLC and the tax man
You started a business and decided to form an LLC. The legal protections LLCs offer over a sole proprietorship are worth the couple hundred bucks you spent, and now you’re up and running and are starting to gain traction. Revenue is coming in and you’re profitable. Therefore, the tax man is around the corner. Do you have a LLC tax deductions list handy to help you pay less tax?
How LLCs are taxed
It is perhaps a good idea to discuss the LLC structure from a tax perspective before we get into the list,. There are three ways LLCs can be taxed:
- Disregarded entity – there is only one member/owner of the LLC and the income of the LLC passes through to the owner’s individual tax return.
- Partnership – two or more members are considered partners of an LLC. The Partnership files an informational return, Form 1065, with the IRS and issues a K1 to each partner. The K1 has each partner’s share of the partnership’s profits or losses. Each partner reports the K1 income on the partner’s tax return. The Partnership LLC is a passthrough entity, much like a disregarded entity.
- Corporation – an LLC may elect to be treated as either a Corporation by filling out Form 8832 or S-Corporation by filling out Form 2553. S-Corporations will be discussed in a separate blog. Corporations are taxed on their profits, and shareholders are taxed on their distributive income as well. Double taxation is generally not preferred, but we will discuss in a future post when the corporate entity actually saves money on taxes, even with the double taxation.
LLC tax deductions list
This list is a list, and the details are ignored. The list is not all inclusive, either. If you have questions about the details, or you wonder if something can be deducted, you can give us a call, schedule a free consultation, or check out the IRS website. Let’s get to it.
- Rent and Utilities
- Cost of goods sold
- Employees’ pay
- Education expenses
- Fringe benefits
- Reimbursements for business expenses incurred by you or your employees
- Certain taxes
- Certain insurance premiums
- Start-up costs, but they’re limited
- Repair and Maintenance costs
- Bad debt
- Travel, meals and entertainment
- Certain car and truck expenses
- Charitable contributions
- Credit card convenience/merchant fees
- Business and trade associations
- Legal and professional fees
- Licenses and regulatory fees
- Repayments of previously recorded income
The LLC tax deductions list above gives you a good start to decrease your taxable income. Again, it is not meant to be tax advice. There are a lot of details and circumstances that can affect whether something is a deductible expense.